Why is Population Health Important?

Integrating Primary Care & Public Health
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Why is population health so important?

Why is population health so important?

There are profound health inequities across the United States – large disparities exist upsetting the most vulnerable populations

–  1 in 4 Americans do not have a primary care provider or access to regular medical services.

– Minority men and women experience fair or poor health at higher rates than all men and women.

A person’s zip code is a more powerful indicator of health than their genetics. 

– More than 2 in 3 Black, Native American, and Latino children under 5 years old live below 200 percent of federal poverty level.

–  Poor children are more likely to have poor health and chronic health conditions.

What did we do to address population health?

What did we do to address population health?

6 states, 11 conversations, 100 participants, 65 success stories…

GLPHTC undertook the  Inquiry Toward Communities of Practice to explore ways to support local integration and improve population health through conversations with primary care and public health. It was clear that stories of successful integration were abundant, meaningful, and needed to be shared.

“We’re getting together why don’t we take a topic and see if we can move the needle on it in terms of the health of the population?”

“Where the success and outcomes come from is that many of the clinics are interested in this but their plates are loaded up so I think they appreciate the fact that public health can come in with tools and resources and trainers that they can more easily implement”

What can you do?

What can you do?

View the Region V Success Story videos for quick inspiration and concise accounts of statewide achievements! Success Story videos demonstrate existing successes by:

– Highlighting current accomplishments

– Developing knowledge from shared experiences

– Providing lessons learned

Defining Integration

Defining Integration

The Institute of Medicine’s (IOM) Primary Care and Public Health: Exploring Integration to Improve Population Health report identifies five principles of success that contribute to successful primary care and public health partnerships. Authors of the report found that these five principles were characteristic of examples of successful integration. Other attempts at integration lacking these characteristics started, flourished for a while, and faded as time and leaders moved on. The characteristics that the “survivors” had in common, include:

  • A shared goal of population health
  • Community engagement
  • Aligned leadership
  • Sustainable systems
  • Shared and collaborative use of data and analysis

The IOM report outlines degrees of integration to use as a guide for partners, ranging from “isolation” at one end of the spectrum to “merger” at the other. The degree of integration is useful for gauging how a partnership grows and evolves over time. Projects will move along the integration continuum based on the community, the partners, and their shared goals.

  • Isolation – Ignorant of others
  • Mutual awareness – Conscious but independent of others
  • Cooperation – Share resources and plans with others
  • Collaboration – Coordinate plans and execution with others
  • Partnership – Appear to the end user as one entity
  • Merger – Operate as one entity
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4. Bradley, R.H. & Corwyn, R.F. (2002).Socioeconomic status and child development. Annual Review of Psychology,53, 371-99.